Cosmetics means any article indented to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled and sprayed on, or introduced into, or applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying , promoting attractiveness and altering the appearance. It includes any article intended for use of component of cosmetic.
Process of manufacturing cosmetics:
The major process used for manufacturing of the cosmetics are Emulsification, mixing, compaction, moulding, and packaging.
Materials used in cosmetics:
Common materials used in cosmetics are water, preservatives such as Anti- microbial agents and Anti- oxidants, Humectants, surfactants, oils,fats and waxes, perfumes, colours, some functional raw materials which are the active ingredients and herbal or plant materials.
Control of microbial contamination in manufacturing of cosmetics:
Must control of environment of manufacturing premises. The control of individual personal hygiene. Development of an effective cleaning and sterilization programme in manufacturing company. Must monitoring the quality of water supply. To observe the quality of water supply should be maintained. Make use of adequate preservatives in cosmetics. Monitor of microbial quality of cosmetics during manufacturing stages.
Classification of cosmetics:
Cosmetics for skin:
Skin cream, bleach cream, sunscreen cream, antiperspirant and deodorant, face powders, compact powder, rouge, lipsticks, astringents and skin tonics, body powder (talcum powder) face packs, bath preparations.
Cosmetics for hair:
Shampoos, depilatories, shaving soaps and creams, hair dyes, anti dandruff products, hair tonics and conditioners, hair wave sets, lacquers, and rinses, hair grooming preparations, permanent hair waving preparations and have straighteners, hair bleaches under hair colorants.
Cosmetics for eye:
Eyeshadows, eyebrow pencils, mascara, eyeliners.
Cosmetics for nails:
Cuticle creams oils and removers, nail bleaches and stain removers, nail lacquers and removers, fingernail elongators.
Cosmetics for teeth:
Toothpaste, tooth powder, mouthwashes.
Cosmetics used as miscellaneous purpose:
Alcoholic fragrance solutions, cosmetics for babies, toilet soaps, essences and perfumes.
Classification of cosmetic products:
According to their function: curative or therapeutic: antiperspirants,hair preparations. Protective: face powder. Corrective: face powder. Decorative: lipstick, nail polishes, eyelashes. According to their physical nature: aerosols: After shave lotion, cakes: rouge, compacts, emulsions: vanishing cream, cold cream, all purpose cream, oils: hair oils, paste: toothpaste , powders: tooth powder, talcum powder, solutions: After shave lotion, hand lotion. Soaps: shaving soap, toilet soap, sticks: lipsticks, deodrant sticks etc.
Quality control test for cosmetics:
Raw Material control, packaging material control, intermediate product control, finished product control, shelf testing, market survey an important prevalence.
Additives in cosmetics:
Emollients, waxes, oils, humectants, preservatives, binders, surfactants, colours, perfumes, herbals, dioxanes, parabens, formaldehyde, water, emulsifiers, antioxidants, dyes, pigments.
Humectants is for hygroscopic material which are used to reduce the laws of motion from our skin and keep our cream soft. Humectants also possesses emollient action. It also conditioning of skin, all moisturising preparations contains humectants. Not only humectants are not responsible to avoid drying of products but also based on container and closure in which it is packed.