Disorders (in kids) part-2

Hello readers.

You know I did write about disorders in kids yesterday. I thought I’ll explain a few of them in brief. As I mentioned in my earlier blog, “Whatever I am writing is based on my research on the topic. It need not to be 100% true. Please do verify and then follow them. Medical supervision is mandatory.”

So let’s begin.

  • Anxiety:When a child does not outgrow the fears and worries that are typical in young children, or when there are so many fears and worries that they interfere with school, home, or play activities, the child may be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.
    1. Being very afraid when away from parents (separation anxiety)
    2. Having extreme fear about a specific thing or situation, such as dogs, insects, or going to the doctor (phobias)
    3. Being very afraid of school and other places where there are people (social anxiety)
    4. Being very worried about the future and about bad things happening (general anxiety)
    5. Having repeated episodes of sudden, unexpected, intense fear that come with symptoms like heart pounding, having trouble breathing, or feeling dizzy, shaky, or sweaty (panic disorder)
  • Depression: Some children feel sad or uninterested in things that they used to enjoy, or feel helpless or hopeless in situations they are able to change. They may be diagnosed with depression.
    1. Feeling sad, hopeless, or irritable a lot of the times,not wanting to do or enjoy doing fun things they used to love.
    2. Showing changes in eating patterns – eating a lot more or a lot less than usual.
    3. Showing changes in sleep patterns – sleeping a lot more or a lot less than normal.
    4. Showing changes in energy – being tired and sluggish or tense and restless a lot of the time.
    5. Having a hard time paying attention.
    6. Feeling worthless, useless, or guilty.
    7. Showing self-injury and self-destructive behavior.

Anxiety symptoms can also include trouble sleeping, as well as physical symptoms like fatigue, headaches, or stomachaches. They can be irritable & angry. They may not talk about their helpless and hopeless thoughts, and may not appear sad. Depression might also cause a child to make trouble or act unmotivated, causing others not to notice that the child is depressed or to incorrectly label the child as a trouble-maker or lazy.

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Kids may have an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) when unwanted thoughts, and the behaviors they feel they must do because of the thoughts, happen frequently, take up a lot of time (more than an hour a day), interfere with their activities, or make them very upset. The thoughts are called obsessions. The behaviors are called compulsions.
    1. Having unwanted thoughts, impulses, or images that occur over and over and which cause anxiety or distress.
    2. Having to think about or say something over and over (for example, counting, or repeating words over and over silently or out loud).
    3. Having to do something over and over (for example, handwashing, placing things in a specific order, or checking the same things over and over, like whether a door is locked)
    4. Having to do something over and over according to certain rules that must be followed exactly in order to make an obsession go away.
  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder):Overview Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that affects millions of children and often continues into adulthood. ADHD includes a combination of persistent problems, such as difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.
    1. Inattention – difficulty concentrating, forgetting instructions, moving from one task to another without completing anything.
    2. Impulsivity – talking over the top of others, having a ‘short fuse’, being accident-prone.
    3. Overactivity – constant restlessness and fidgeting.
  • Eating disorders: Eating disorders in children and teens cause serious changes in eating habits that can lead to major, even life threatening health problems.
    1. anxiety, depression, perfectionism, or being highly self-critical
    2. dieting even when one is thin
    3. excessive or compulsive exercising
    4. intense fear of becoming fat, even though one is underweight
    5. menstruation that becomes infrequent or stops
    6. rapid weight loss, which the person may try to conceal with loose clothing.
    7. strange eating habits, such as avoiding meals, eating in secret, monitoring every bite of food, or eating only certain foods in small amounts
    8. unusual interest in food
  • Anorexia: a condition in which a child refuses to eat adequate calories out of an intense and irrational fear of becoming fat.
  • Bulimia: a condition in which a child grossly overeats (binging) and then purges the food by vomiting or using laxatives to prevent weight gain.
  • Binge eating: a condition in which a child may gorge rapidly on food, but without purging.

Some anxious children keep their worries to themselves and, thus, the symptoms can be missed. Try to be friendly with them so that they can feel free to share their complications with you. Don’t ever react without thinking over the situation.

Disorders (in kids)

The link to the part 1 is above. Do read it for more information.

You can google for more information about disorders and it’s symptoms & treatment. Don’t completely trust Google. Take medical advice from verified and trusted doctors before you reach to any conclusion. For now I’ll take a leave.

And Thanks.😇

Categories: Education

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