More contagious and more lethal, Delta Variant has been found when the second wave of Covid 19 was not even over yet.
This mutant virus spreads far more widely than the original corona virus. Some data have suggested that this variant can cause more illness in the people who have not been vaccinated yet. Two different studies done by Scotland and Canada showed that the patients who were infected with this variant were more likely to be hospitalized than the patients who were infected with alpha or the original virus strain.
Although the chances of breakthrough infections happening is much less than the infections in unvaccinated people, individuals infected with the Delta variant, including fully vaccinated people who have symptomatic breakthrough infections, can transmit it to others. Data is being continually accessed by CDC to know whether the fully vaccinated people with asymptomatic breakthrough infections can transmit or not. However, the greatest risk of transmission is among unvaccinated people who are much more likely to contract, and therefore transmit it to others around them. Yes, fully vaccinated people with Delta variant breakthrough infections can also spread the virus to others. However, vaccinated people appear to be infectious for a shorter period.
Previous variants typically produced less virus in the body of infected fully vaccinated people (breakthrough infections) than in unvaccinated people. In contrast, the Delta variant seems to produce the same high amount of virus in both unvaccinated and fully vaccinated people. However, just like other variants, the amount of virus produced by Delta breakthrough infections in fully vaccinated people also goes down faster than infections in unvaccinated people. This means fully vaccinated people are less likely to be infected for long time as compared to unvaccinated people.
Symptoms include: Fever, Dry cough, Tiredness, Aches and pains, Sore throat, Diarrhoea, Conjunctivitis, Headache, Loss of taste or smell, A rash on skin Discoloration of fingers or toes.
In rare cases symptoms can get serious like difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath , Chest pain or pressure and loss of speech or movement.
To prevent contracting the Delta virus, several measures need to be taken by the individuals especially when they are not vaccinated:
- Be mindful to maintain a distance of six feet in public place or while meeting people.
- Unless absolutely necessary do not go out of the house.
- Always use a sanitizer before going out or meeting anyone.
- Disinfect the items which you take outside the house eg: your phone or purse.
- Always wash your hands with a good handwash for twenty seconds.
- Put on a double mask before going out.
- Wash the mask daily to ensure its cleanliness.
- Always disinfect the items brought from outside before use.
- Get fully vaccinated as soon as possible.
Vaccination is the most obvious treatment so far. Even with being fully vaccinated people are contracting the virus but it is much less severe in that case. Anyhow hopefully a proper treatment for it is introduced soon. Till then, take all the necessary precautions mentioned.