Substance Abuse

By Anshiki Jadia


A drug refers to any substance that has a physiological effect when it enters the body through inhalation, ingestion, or injection. In the past 5 years, the number of drug users has increased. People from all walks of life are experiencing problems due to drug use. Some people try recreational drugs out of curiosity, adventure, or peer pressure, while others try to deal with anxiety and depression.
However, drug use is not only caused by illegal drugs such as cocaine or heroin, it can also be caused by prescription drugs. In fact, prescription drugs for cannabis are the most frequently abused drugs. Prescription medications include opioid pain relievers and sleeping pills. Opioids are a class of drugs that include illicit heroin and pain relievers that are legally available by prescription.


Drug abuse and addiction
There is a fine line between drug use, drug abuse and drug addiction. Experts suggest that when drug abuse begins to harm all aspects of people’s daily lives, it turns into abuse. Sadly, few junkies and drug addicts realize that they have crossed the line, and by the time they do, it is too late.
Prescription drugs are one of the most abused drugs. Drug abuse and abuse can lead to addiction, and soon this voluntary choice will become a physical and psychological necessity. Drug addiction, also known as substance use disorder, occurs when a person cannot control their need to use drugs or substances and becomes dependent on them.


Risk factors for drug abuse
Risk factors increase the chances that a person will abuse drugs. There are many factors that define a person’s vulnerability to substance abuse. Some of them include
– Early drug use
– Physical or sexual abuse
– Stress or neglect
– Mental impairment
– Trauma experience
– Family history of addiction
– Anxiety or depression


Drug abuse and addiction Effects of taking medication will have effects on the body , some of which are short-term, while others are long-term. Drugs injected directly into the blood work faster than drugs ingested.
The use of any medication, even if it is a prescription, will have short-term effects.
For example, using prescription opioids as directed by a doctor can help relieve pain, but can also cause drowsiness and shallow breathing. Short-term effects include temporary euphoria, insomnia, changes in appetite, increased heart rate, loss of coordination, etc., while long-term effects may include anxiety, depression, panic disorder, increased aggression, paranoia, hallucinations, etc. Weaken our immune system. Long-term drug use can alter brain function and cause liver, kidney, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
In addition to health risks, drug use can seriously affect a person’s mental health and relationships with others. Sometimes, when the person is under the influence of drugs, it can even lead to anti-social and criminal behavior. This person can also face criminal penalties.


Medicines and the brain
Taking medicines will increase the release of dopamine in the brain, which produces pleasure. Repeated use of medications will cause the brain to adjust dopamine levels by producing less dopamine or simply by reducing the number of dopamine receptors in the brain. Increased drug cravings.
One of the scariest things about addiction is that this substance is as important as other survival behaviors, so every addict will have an uncontrollable craving for this substance, and this craving will increase over time.


Treatment
Recovery can be achieved with the right treatment and support, but it is not simple, because addiction is a chronic disease and the damage done by drugs to the brain and body is serious. Treatment may include
– Behavioral counseling
– Medical services and applications for the treatment of withdrawal symptoms
– Group meetings with people to share their recovery journey
– Treatment of concurrent mental health problems
-Medications
– Long-term follow-up to prevent recurrence

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