What is wellness in general? Practicing healthy habits on a daily basis to attain better physical and mental health. Wellness is basically allowing the best possible health in our physical, emotional, intellectual, spiritual, and social self.
The World Health Organization defines wellness as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not just the absence of disease.
The 8 Dimensions of Wellness can help you choose how to make wellness a part of your everyday life. Wellness strategies are practical ways to start developing healthy habits that can have a positive impact on your physical and mental health.
Here are the 8 Dimensions of Wellness :
- Emotional – Coping effectively with life and creating satisfying relationships
- Environmental – Good health by occupying pleasant, stimulating environments that support well-being
- Financial – Satisfaction with current and future financial situations
- Intellectual – Recognizing creative abilities and finding ways to expand knowledge and skills
- Occupational – Personal satisfaction and enrichment from one’s work
- Physical – Recognizing the need for physical activity, healthy foods, and sleep
- Social – Developing a sense of connection, belonging, and a well-developed support system
- Spiritual – Expanding a sense of purpose and meaning in life
Let’s briefly discuss the 8 Dimensions of Wellness
1. Emotional wellness
Emotional wellness is an awareness, understanding and acceptance of your emotions, and the ability to deal with challenges and change. Remaining in the present moment is also vital to your emotional health.
There are many ways to improve or maintain good emotional health. Some of them are :
- Be aware of your emotions and reactions
- Express your feelings in appropriate ways
- Think before you act
- Take care of your physical health
- Find purpose and meaning
2. Environmental wellness
Environmental wellness refers to your sense of safety, comfort, and connection with your physical surroundings. Environmental wellness can be enhanced by living more in harmony with the planet and your community. Wellness in this domain begins in your immediate surroundings.
Examples of Environmental Wellness :
- Being respectful, inclusive, kind and supportive to others.
- Being aware of risks in your surroundings.
- Being aware of the impact of your decisions.
- Taking personal responsibility for your actions.
- Being aware of risks in various settings (i.e., going out at night, travelling to new places)
3. Financial wellness
Financial wellness means learning how to effectively manage financial spending. It’s the result of successful expense management. Financial wellness is critical for all people because it can help lower your stress levels. Stress related to money can affect every aspect of your life.
Some tips to help you build better spending habits :
- Use a budget
- Be aware of how you spend your money
- Build your saving
- Plan for major purchases
- Keep financial records
4. Intellectual wellness
Intellectual wellness recognizes creative abilities and encourages us to find ways to expand our knowledge and skills. As intellectual wellness develops, you are able to cultivate personal resources that work together with the other realms of wellness in order to be achieve a more balanced life.
Some steps to Increase Your Intellectual Wellness :
- Read for fun
- Debate with a friend
- Improve your skills
- Play an instrument
- Main a journal
5. Occupational wellness
Occupational wellness is the ability to achieve a balance between work and leisure in a way that promotes health, a sense of personal satisfaction and is (for most people) financially rewarding. It allows you to explore various career options and encourages you to pursue the opportunities you enjoy the most.
Some ways to achieve occupational wellness are :
- Don’t settle, keep motivated to work towards what you want.
- Increase your skills and knowledge to advance your occupational wellness goals.
- Find the benefits and positives in your current job.
- Create connections with your co-workers.
- Avoid over working yourself, find a work/life balance.
6. Physical wellness
Physical wellness is watching what you put into your body, how much activity you get, and your weight are important for keeping your body working properly. Positive physical health habits can help decrease your stress, lower your risk of disease, and increase your energy. The three components of physical fitness are strength, endurance and flexibility.
Physical wellness involves making good choices when it comes to :
- Illness Prevention
- Physical Activity and Body Movement.
7. Social wellness
Social Wellness is having positive connections with friends, family, professors, and anyone else. Having a supportive social network allows you to develop assertive skills and become comfortable with who you are in social situations.
Signs of good social health include :
- Balancing your social and personal time.
- Being your true self at all times.
- Engaging with people in your community.
- Treating others with respect.
- Maintaining and building strong relationships with friends.
8. Spiritual wellness
Spiritual wellness acknowledges our search for deeper meaning in life. When we’re spiritually healthy, we feel more connected to not only a higher power, but to those around us. We have more clarity when it comes to making everyday choices, and our actions become more consistent with our beliefs and values.
Since spiritual wellness involves one’s values, beliefs, and purpose, it can be achieved in several ways, both physically and mentally :
- Explore your spiritual core
- Look for deeper meanings
- Try yoga
- Take time to meditate