Transgender people have a gender identity as well as gender expression that different from sex which were assigned at birth. Some of the transgender people who desired medical assistance to transition from one sex to another sex and identified as transsexual. It’s shortly names as trans is an umbrella term. They were identified gender wise is the opposite to their assigned sex that is trans women and trans men. It includes people who were are non- binary or genderqueer. Transgender people were included in the third gender. The term transgender may be defined very broadly to include cross-dressers. Being transgender is distinct from sexual orientation.
The term transgender is also distinguished from intersex, a term that describes people born with physical sex characteristics that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies. The opposite of transgender is cisgender, who were the persons whose gender identity matches their assigned sex. Many transgender people experience gender dysphoria, and some seek medical treatments such as hormone replacement therapy, sex reassignment surgery, or psychotherapy. Many transgender people face discrimination in the workplace. In many places, they are not legally protected from discrimination.
Scientific studies of transsexuality:
A study of Swedes estimated a ratio of 1.4:1 trans women to trans men for those requesting sex reassignment surgery and a ratio of 1:1 for those who proceeded. Ray Blanchard created a taxonomy of male-to-female transsexualism that proposes two distinct etiologies for androphilic and gynephilic individuals.
Population figures in India:
The cultures of the Indian subcontinent include a third gender, referred to as hijra in Hindi. In India, the Supreme Court on April 15, 2014, recognized a third gender that is neither male nor female, stating “Recognition of transgenders as a third gender is not a social or medical issue but a human rights issue”. In 1998, Shabnam Mausi became the first transgender person to be elected in India, in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
Sexuality in Transgender:
6.8 out of every 100,000 people have received a transgender-specific diagnoses; and 355 out of every 100,000 people self-identify as transgender. Transgender people vary greatly in choosing when, whether, and how to disclose their transgender status to family, close friends, and others. Sexuality in transgender individuals encompasses all the issues of sexuality of other groups, including establishing a sexual identity, learning to deal with one’s sexual needs, and finding a partner, but may be complicated by issues of gender dysphoria, side effects of surgery, physiological and emotional effects of hormone replacement therapy, psychological aspects of expressing sexuality after medical transition, or social aspects of expressing their gender.
A 2015 survey of roughly 3,000 American trans women showed that at least 60% were attracted to women. Of the trans women respondents 27% answered gay, lesbian, or same-gender-loving, 20% answered bisexual, 19% heterosexual, 16% pansexual, 6% answered asexual, 6% queer, and 6% did not answer.
Causes of transsexuality:
The study of the causes of transsexuality investigates gender identity formation of transgender people, especially those who are transsexual. Transgender people have a gender identity that does not match their assigned sex, often resulting in gender dysphoria. Cortical thickness is generally thicker in cisgender women’s brains than in cisgender men’s brains, may also be thicker in trans women’s brains, but is present in a different location to cisgender women’s brains. Hormone use can also affect transgender people’s brain structure. Twin studies suggest that there are likely genetic causes of transsexuality, although the precise genes involved are not fully understood.