The Indian Tricolour Flag

On August 15, 2021, India will commemorate its 75th anniversary of independence. As we get closer to the big day, it’s only natural to look back at the history of the tricolour, or tiranga. Did you realise that our flag’s colours of saffron, green, and white have no communal significance? In this essay, we’ll look at the history of the tricolour, its evolution, and the meaning of the Chakra and the three colours of the flag to learn more about these facts.

Photo by Still Pixels on

The flag of a country is a sign of its independence. The Indian National Flag in its current form was adopted just days before the country declared independence from British rule on August 15, 1947. The decision was made on July 22, 1947, during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly. Between August 15, 1947, and January 2, 1950, it was the national flag of the Dominion of India, and then the Republic of India.

India’s current tricolour flag was adopted after the country gained independence. The old flag’s colour and meaning were retained, but the Dharma Charkha of Emperor Asoka was replaced as the flag’s insignia in favour of the spinning wheel.

The colours of the Indian flag

India’s national flag is a horizontal tricolour with a deep saffron top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom. The chakra is represented by a navy blue wheel in the midst of the white ring.

The colour saffron represents the country’s power and bravery. The colour white represents peace and truth. Our land’s fertility, growth, and auspiciousness are symbolized by the green belt.

The “wheel of the law” is shown by Dharma Chakra at the Sarnath Lion Capital, which was built by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC. It meant that life is found in movement and death is found in immobility.

Flag Code

The Indian flag code was changed on January 26, 2002, and inhabitants of India were now allowed to hoist the Indian flag above their homes, offices, and factories on any day, not only national holidays, as was previously the case. Indians can now proudly display the national flag anywhere and whenever they want, as long as the Flag Code is rigorously obeyed to avoid any disrespect to the tricolour. The Flag Code of India, 2002, has been broken into three parts for your convenience. The National Flag is described in general in Part I of the Code. The display of the National Flag by members of the public, private organisations, educational institutions, and other entities is addressed in Part II of the Code. The National Flag is displayed by the Central and State governments, as well as their organisations and agencies, according to Part III of the Code.

Based on law passed on January 26, 2002, there are some guidelines for flying the flag. The following are some of them:


– To promote respect for the Flag, the National Flag may be flown in educational institutions (schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps, and so on). The flag flying in schools now includes an oath of allegiance.

– On all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour of the National Flag, a member of the public, a private group, or an educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag.

– Section 2 of the new code recognises that all private persons have the right to fly the flag on their property.


– The flag may not be used for communal purposes, draperies, or clothing. It should be flown as much as possible from sunrise to sunset, regardless of the weather.

– The flag cannot be permitted to contact the ground, the floor, or the water’s surface. Vehicles, trains, boats, and aircraft cannot have it draped over the hood, top, sides, or back.

– There can be no other flag or bunting higher than the flag. Also, no object can be placed on or above the flag, including flowers, garlands, or symbols. A tricolour festoon, rosette, or bunting cannot be used.