What is the Rohingya case? And how is it a genocide?

The case is currently being heard by the International Court of Justice(ICJ).

BACKGROUND: The Rohingya people are a group of ethnic(Muslim Indo-Aryan) minority in the Buddhist majority.In the recent years they have been facing procedural ethnic cleansing and prosecution at a mass level. it has also been described as genocide.The genocide followed for more than 2 years with decades of prosecution on the Rohingya people which included mass murders,destruction of villages,rapes and various other heinous crimes undertaken by the millitary of Myanmar.

Mostly restricted to the Rakhine state (where the Rohingya are largely settled) and done under the
garb of “anti-terrorism measures”.
With the general support of the public. (John Oliver did a segment on how “free” Facebook
contributed to the genocide.

What does genocide mean?

According to the Article 2 genocide means comitting any of the follwoing acts:

  • Causing serious bodily harm to a group.
  • Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part.
  • Killing members of the group
  • Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group.
  • Forcibly transferring children of one group to another group.

Article 6 of Rome Statute of International Criminal Court: For the purpose of
this Statute, “genocide” means any of the following acts committed with intent to
destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group; (b) Causing serious bodily or mental
harm to members of the group; (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group
conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in
part; (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

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