So today we will talk and know about UNESCO World Heritage Site. Hampi is famous for its ruins belonging to erstwhile medieval Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar. The temples of Hampi, it’s monolithic sculptures and monuments, attract the traveler because of their excellent workmanship. The Hindu style of architecture found at Hampi reflects the splendor of the Vijayanagar Empire. The rugged landscape adds to the historic ambiance of this site.
Location – Hampi is situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in the eastern part of central Karnataka near the state border with Andhra Pradesh. It is 376 kilometers from Bengaluru, and 165 kilometers from Hubli, and 13 km from Hospet (Railway Station). It is located on top of the rugged terrain and is 467 m above sea level.
History – The first settlement in Hampi dates back to 1st Century AD and several Buddhist sites belonging to that time have been found nearby. Hampi was the capital of the mighty Vijayanagar Empire. Vijayanagar was one of the largest Hindu empires in India. Two brothers, Harihar and Bukka , founded it in 1336. Krishnadevaraya (1509-1529) was the greatest ruler and controlled almost all of peninsular India south of Tungabhadra River.
Town – The town of Hampi in the 14th century had a population of half a million people. Seven concentric lines of fortifications protected the city. It maintained a huge army to protect it from other kingdoms. Vijayanagar Empire flourished, as it controlled both cotton and spice trade routes of southern India. Medieval historians refer to Hampi as an important center of trade. However the glory was short – lived and the empire was destroyed in 1565.
Main attractions – Hampi is famous for Purandara Festival . This annual festival is held in January – February in the Vittal temple to celebrate the birth anniversary of the medieval poet – composer, Purandar. The best time to visit Hampi is from October to March. I hope by reading about Hampi you will like to visit this place once…!!!
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